10 Facts Why Animals Should Be Kept In Zoos Cryptosporidiosis in Reptiles

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Cryptosporidiosis in Reptiles

Cryptosporidiosis has been reported in many endemic species. This disease seems to be common in captive and captive populations of animals, and transmission occurs through the fecal-oral route. Infected parasites may not show symptoms but are infected with oocysts (eggs). Clinical signs of Crypto infection include regurgitation and weight loss accompanied by abnormal enlargement of the mucous membrane of the stomach.

Diagnosis of Cryptosporidiosis can be challenging. One method of diagnosis is the identification of oocysts within the fecal sample by acid-fast staining. A negative acid-fast stain only indicates that the reptile material was not shed at the time of sampling and does not mean that the animal is Crypto free. The normal practice is to test three times before the animal is considered free from the disease. Endoscopy, including colonoscopy and biopsy, can also be used to diagnose this disease.

The most common species of Cryptosporidiosis found in organisms are C. serpentis, C. muris and C. parvum. It has been suggested that C. parvum occysts (mouse source) found are probably from rodents ingested by reptiles instead of then and the actual infection of Crypto. This possibility of C. parvum infecting organisms can only be definitively ruled out by additional biological and genetic studies.

In March 1999, the Saint Louis Zoo began a trial-euthanasia program after the identification of chronic Cryptosporidium in snakes in their facility. To monitor the effectiveness of control measures, samples are taken periodically from the snake for a period of one year. Immediately after the start of the control measure, 5 of 10 and 8 of 17 snake samples were positive for Crypto in May and June of 1999, respectively. Subsequently, only 1 of 45 snake samples taken at five different times was positive for Cryptosporidiosis.

There are currently no effective control strategies against Cryptosporidium in reptiles. In a small study, it was shown that snakes with clinical and clinical Cryptosporidium can be effectively treated (not cured) with hyperimmune bovine colostrum raised against C. parvum. Strict hygiene and isolation of infected and exposed animals is necessary for the control of Cryptosporidiosis, however euthanasia is chosen for the majority of infections. The best way to prevent Crypto from spreading is to euthanize infected reptiles.

Crypto oocysts are neutralized only by exposure to cold heat between 113°F and 140°F for 5 to 9 minutes and by disinfection with ammonia (5%) or normal saline (10%) for 18 hours. contains idophores (1%-4%), cresylic acid (2.5% and 5%), sodium hypochlorite (3%), benzalkonium chloride (5% and 10%), and sodium hydroxide (0.02 m). Anything that may have come in contact with an infected creature should be thoroughly cleaned with an ammonia solution and allowed to dry for at least three days.

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