10 Of The Most Endangered Animal Species In Britain Mauritius Vacation Guide

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Mauritius Vacation Guide

Mauritius has successfully positioned itself as a great beach destination. With so many beach destinations, this one is held back not by mere noise, but by something that comes to this claim. Visitors are drawn to Mauritius by its reputation of 140 km of white sand beaches, and excellent opportunities for water sports. Swimming, sea combing, sailing, surfing, kayaking, diving and deep-sea fishing – there is a sport for almost everyone.

Arab traders discovered the uninhabited island in the 10th century. But they are not motivated enough to consider a permanent solution. The Portuguese early in the sixteenth century, but they also passed on the opportunity to ask for their king. But in 1598, the Dutch people finally took advantage of that opportunity. The island was given and named after Maurice, Prince of Orange and Count of Nassau – then ruler of the Netherlands.

In the following century, the Dutch set up settlements and ways to live in the land. They produced sugar and tobacco, which they used as slaves in Africa. Sugar is today still an important part of the economy. The Dutch are not sensitive to the very fragile ecosystem of an isolated island like Mauritius. On their watch, most of the islands’ native forests were cut down and lost. The bird known as the dodo is also shot to extinction. Thus the Dutch gives life to the expression “as dead as true”.

However, the courage of the Dutch people that led them to lead did not last long. They face many trials through the forces of nature – hurricanes, droughts and floods. And even through human forces, for pirates is a constant headache. In 1710, they fled to the hospitable Cape of Good Hope, in southern Africa. A short five years after the Dutch left, the French claimed the island, and named it Isle de France.

The French were much more successful than the Dutch in exploiting the power of the island. They maintain law and order and lay the foundations for the governance of society. Under the celebrated French Governor, Mahé de Labourdonnais, real nation building began. The French brought more African slaves and further expanded sugar cultivation. They also built some social and economic infrastructure to support the settlers. Port Louis, named after King Louis XV, and today the capital of Mauritius, dates back to this period.

Although the French had established a system of law and order, Port Louis turned out to be a favorite of corsairs. Corsairs are merchant ships that specialize in plundering ships on behalf of a client nation. The British, the great sea power at the time, had a legitimate interest in ending the power of these allies. And so Mauritius, which is far from Europe, participated in the Napoleonic wars. In 1810, the British, supported by a superior power, forced the French to leave the island.

In the 1814 Treaty of Paris, the British – truly great winners, allowed French settlers to remain in Mauritius. They are also allowed to keep their property, language, religion and legal system. The British reverted to the name the Dutch had given the island, but Port Louis kept its name. But in the century and a half that the British ruled, they were not as established as the French.

Franco-Mauritians thrived on an agrarian economy based on slave labor. But in 1835, they felt the cruel hand of great power when slavery was abolished. This was perhaps the most important measure ever made under British law, and the results had a far-reaching effect on the developing population of the country. India, a British colony was rich in human resources in response to the rising labor problem. In the years that followed, the descendants of Indian workers who came to work on the sugar plantations became more numerous. There are also Kannada – as laborers and traders.

Today, Indo-Mauritians make up approximately 70% of the population. As was the case in other communities during that period of history, and until the 1930s in Mauritius, non-whites had a large proportion of the country’s governance. And that’s why Gandhi – that great liberator of men’s souls, came to Mauritius in 1901, specifically to give souls to Indo-Mauritians. After years of long commitments to democracy, the British finally surrendered in 1968, when independence was finally granted.

The events we talked about above are still recent. About eight million years ago, the island emerged from the depths of the ocean due to volcanic activity. Covering 1860 sq km, it is located at the top of the Tropic of Capricorn, 890 km to the east of Madagascar. Rising from the sea, the central plateau formation is about 400 m above sea level. There are mountains scattered on the island, and some mountains, the highest of which reaches 820 m.

As a country, Mauritius includes the islands of Rodrigues and Agalega, Cargados Carajos Shoals and smaller uninhabited islands. Almost a pearl ring that is said to be the third largest in the world is used to ring Mauritius. Both the Dutch and the French were extremely reckless in accepting the

illegal invasion of indigenous forests. Today, less than 2% of these forests remain. Many of the nearly 700 species of native plants are threatened with extinction. Beginning in the late 1970s, a slow but sustained effort was underway to protect the island’s unique flora.

Animals face the same dangers. At first, animal migration to isolated islands was only by air or sea, limiting the diversity of species. The animals that the Dutch saw included small animals and flightless birds. But except for bats, there are no mammals and no amphibians at all. The animals brought in the ships by the people include monkeys and rats – thanks to the Portuguese, while the Dutch get the credit for the deer and wild boar. Some of these animals threaten to kill native species – they eat their eggs, and even their young.

Mauritius is not all bad news for nature lovers’ – there are many birds and the marine life is abundant. However, some endemic bird species, such as Mauritius kestrel, echo parakeet and pink pigeon number no more than a few hundred. This species is under a captive breeding program, with the hope of increasing their numbers.

The marine environment of the island boasts more than 1,000 species of marine life- fishes, shells and mollusks, in numbers beyond counting. A wonderful way to explore the amazing underwater world is on a cruise ship. The section also allows you to see some shipwrecks dating back to the Dutch era.

You can swim in many places at beaches, lakes and inlets. The river beaches are best to the north, although there are other good spots to the southwest and to the west near Flic en Flac. The west coast offers good spots for surfing in Tamarin, and diving in Flic en Flac. At Grand Bay Beach, you get great shopping, nightclubs, bars, and restaurants and a chance to interact with the locals. In addition, swimming, surfing, sailing and angling are good. From here, you can also take a boat tour of the islands to the north.

Inside the islands, there are good opportunities for travel and tourism. Black River Gorges National Park has the best tours, and at the same time you can see some endemic plants and birds. Réserve Forrestière Macchabée and Rivière Noire National Park are also good for hiking. In addition, captive breeding to raise the numbers of Mauritius endangered birds is underway here. For travelers, you will do well in the plains of Curepipe and on the island of Rodrigues.

The Royal Botanical Gardens of Pamplemousses are very popular with visitors. The gardens date back to 1735, during the French era. Here you will find a large collection of exotic and native plants in a beautiful environment. Among the most important specimens are the large water lilies Victoria regia, whose origins are in the Amazon, and the talipot palm- known to bloom once every 60 years before dying. At the Casela Bird Garden, you can see some of its 140 bird species, including the rare Mauritian pink pigeon. Some of these tours are included in Mauritius tour packages offered by various vendors.

Mauritius offers some excellent golf courses, and visitors are increasingly aware of it. There are at least three parks with 18-hole courses and five others with 9-hole courses. The Ile aux Cerfs course, which sits on its own little island is the most amazing. For honeymooners, the island is very welcoming. Almost all hotels provide a special honeymoon package. As a non-resident, you can easily tie a knot here. But more formalities must be completed with the official; make sure you follow it before you arrive.

Mauritius is at the cultural crossroads of Europe, Africa and Asia. The Dutch, the French, the Africans, the Indians, the Kannada and the British came under one form or another and today have influenced the character and cultural life of the island. Although the island is geographically closest to Africa, culturally it is very close to Asia.

The largest ethnic groups are Indo-Mauritians who make up two thirds of the country’s 1.2 million people, followed by Creoles – Afro-Mauritians who make up just over a quarter of the population. Franco-Mauritians and Chinese people combined make up about 5% of the population. While English is the official language, French, Creole, Bhojpuri and Urdu are widely spoken. Religion is another factor defining the island’s population, with Hinduism (51%), Christianity (30%) and Islam (17%) leading the way.

The cuisine of the island reflects the diversity of its people. French, Creole, Kannada and Indian cuisines – with regional variations are all found here. Wherever you stay, you are most likely able to watch or even play Sega. This powerful and revolutionary Creole church began in the sugar fields, in the days when African labor was in captivity. You may also be lucky to encounter any of the various festivals held in this multi-cultural country. Only in most organizations however, will be prepared for the Cavadi. On this Tamil festival, devotees pierce their bodies, tongues, and cheeks while some walk on stilts.

Tourism is one of the main pillars of the economy of Mauritius. There were many visitors from South Africa, Germany, France, Australia and the UK. Hotels included

Mauritius is abundant, and they range from 5-star luxury to those with basic amenities. Budget accommodation is available in the form of bungalows, guest houses and self-catering restaurants. June to September and around Christmas is a busy time and if you plan to travel then, you are advised to book your accommodation in advance. Mauritius is still affordable, although there has been talk of turning it into a market beach destination.

Mauritius is a year-round destination. The best times to visit there, are during April-June and September-November. These are the months when it rains less and the temperatures are moderate. March to April is the hottest, and daytime temperatures can reach 35 ° C. Temperatures tend to decrease inland, away from the coast. The main rain comes between December and April, although there is little rain all year round. November to February is when hurricanes are most likely. But do not be discouraged; the chances of encountering typhoons are not very high, and it is estimated that they hit the island about once every 15 years.

If you are keen on water sports, be aware that diving is best in December to March, and surfing between June and August. For big game fishing, come between October and April. You should be comfortable with light clothes suitable for cold weather. But you need warm clothing for the evenings and the southern winter months between July and September. Whatever time of year you travel, pack some rain gear. In the summer months between November and April, it is recommended to bring sunglasses, sun hats and sunscreen.

Copyright © Africa Point

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