2 Pictures Of Animals Found In The Transfrontier Park Namibia – A Bountiful Harvest Awaits the Adventure Traveler

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Namibia – A Bountiful Harvest Awaits the Adventure Traveler

Namibia is a very arid country of rugged beauty. The most vivid images are those of a haunting technical landscape of rolling orange dunes, glittering cliffs and beguiling dust devils. The apparent desolation is deceptive and plant and animal life and even humans have adapted to this environment. The Country is specifically designed with the active maker and explorer in mind. Unfathomable deserts, thorny Savannas, windswept coastal deserts, majestic canyons, and sun-baked deserts are the rewards that await the traveler.

The top draw of Namibia is the Etosha National Park, considered one of the best game sanctuaries in Africa. The birding experience in the country is truly superior. On a Namibian safari, the range of activities you can do in a physically inaccessible environment is truly impressive. Ballooning on the desert, skydiving on land and sea, paragliding, whitewater rafting and sand skiing along coastal dunes are good activities for beginners. More fun games to play include abseiling – the most amazing of rock sports, beach and fresh water angling, desert camel riding, scuba diving, 4×4 desert races, hiking and climbing top.

Namibia has four distinct regions. In the north is the Etosha Pan, a large area for wildlife and the heart of the Etosha National Park. The narrow Caprivi is nestled between Zambia and Botswana and is a tropical forested area blessed with a few rivers. Along the coast is the Namib Desert, which is 80 million years old, said to be the oldest desert in the world. On the coast, the cold Atlantic air meets the burning African desert, resulting in intense fog. The well-watered central plain runs from north to south, and contains high mountains, spectacular canyons, rocky fields and vast plains.

Namibia, which is one and a half times the size of France, is barely inhabited, and has a population of 1.8 million. People are as unique as the land they live in. The most intriguing are the San, otherwise known as Bushmen. These hardiest people have a highly advanced knowledge of their environment. It’s amazing how well they adapt to their harsh habitat. Just relax and think that these are the only people in the world who do not have access to permanent water. In the Kalahari desert, one of their habitats, there is no water. Tubers, melons, and other plants that have water and underground sip wells supply their water requirements.

In Namibia today, there are about 50,000 Bushmen. Historians estimate that they have lived, mainly as hunters and gatherers, for at least 25,000 years in these parts of the world. Bushmen speak a special print language and are very gifted in the arts of storytelling, mimicry, and dance. The other people of Namibia, who are indigenous to the continent, are mostly of Bantu origin. They are thought to have arrived from West Africa about 2,400 years ago. African groups include the Owambo, Kavango, Caprivians, Herero, Himba, Damara, Nama and Tswana.

Africans aside, other groups make up about 15% of the population and have played an important role in the emergence of the modern nation. White Namibians are about 120,00 and are mainly of German and Afrikaner heritage. Germans arrived in significant numbers after 1884 when Bismarck declared the country a German Protectorate. Afrikaners, white farmers of Dutch origin, moved north from the Cape to their residence, even after the Dutch Cape Colony was given to the British in 1806. This strong independent people, whose ancestors lived in the Cape from 1652 resented British control.

Two other distinct groups complete the profile of the Namibian people – the Basters and the Colors. Color in Namibia and southern Africa refers to people of mixed racial heritage, black-white for example. They have a separate identity and culture. This makes sense considering that South Africa controlled Namibia after the First World War. Even in pre-apartheid South Africa, racial segregation was a positive image. The Basters speak Afrikaans, descended from Hottentot women and Cape Dutch settlers. Strangers from both white and black communities, and they traveled north, finally found themselves in the city of Rehoboth, in 1871. Baster actually comes from “bastard”, but it is not derogatory, and the Basters are truly numerous.

The barren and inhospitable coasts of Namibia served as a natural barrier to the ambitions of European explorers. That was until 1884 when German explorer Adolf Luderitz established a permanent settlement between the Namib Desert and the Atlantic Ocean that took his name. Bismarck then declared the territory of Namibia covered by the German colony and called it Südwestafrika or South West Africa. As the German settlers moved into the interior, conflict was inevitable with the land’s heirs.

The German occupation was an especially unpleasant experience for the Herero. The Herero resented the harsh and racist rule of the Germans and the impact of the exploitation of their lands on their livelihood and way of life. On the first day of 1904, the Herero, led by Chief Samuel Maharero, suddenly and unexpectedly rose up in arms against their rulers. Nama joined the rebellion and the authorities did not regain control even after six months of trying. Over 100 German settlers and soldiers died in the uprising. Historians consider the events that followed to be the first genocide of the 20th century.

Lieutenant General Lothar von Trotha was provided with 14,000 soldiers and tasked with putting down the rebellion. The governor-general of the region at the time was Rudolph Goering – the father of Herman Goering, Hitler’s right-hand man. Lothar von Trotha was a generation ahead of his time and his ideas were to become government policy under the Third Reich. He argued that the Herero must be exterminated as a people and not defeated by killing women or children. In the end, 100,000 Nama and Herero were killed. Those who survived were sent to concentration camps where the unspeakable happened. The Herero did very badly and 80% of their people perished. The population of Nama decreased by 35-50%.

Windhoek, the capital of 165,000 people is the only true city in the country. For those who travel to more remote areas, this is where practical issues are resolved. The positive aspects of the German era can be seen in the beautiful style of the older buildings in the city. Places of interest in the city include the State Museum, the State Archives, and the Namibia Handicrafts Centre. Dan Viljoen Game Park is located 24 km west of Windhoek on the gentle hills of the Khoma Hochland. In this resort you can find ostriches, monkeys, zebras and more than 200 species. Waterburg Plateau Park, located 230 km from Windhoek is popular with weekends. This mountain desert is home to cheetah, leopard, kudu, giraffe, and white rhino.

Etosha National Park is what brings animal lovers to Namibia. The park is comparable in size and diversity of species with the best in Africa. The unusual landscape of Etosha consists of Savanna grassland, dense brush and woodland. But the Etosha Pan, a depression that sometimes fills with water and covers 5,000 sq km, is the heart of the park. Perennial springs around the pan, attract many birds and land animals during the dry winter months. The effect of this background is magical and some of the best photos of wildlife have been taken here.

There are 144 species of animals in the park and elephants are very important. Some other wildlife here include giraffe, leopard, cheetah, jackal, blue wildebeest, gemsbok and black rhino. Birding is great in Etosha and over 300 species have been recorded. You’ll get the best value by spending at least three days here. The best accommodation facilities are available at the three resorts of Namutoni, Halali and Okaukuejo. The best time to see the animals is between May and September, when the water draws them in large numbers to the edge of the pan. Etosha is 400 km north of Windhoek by road.

Fish River Canyon is unrivaled in Africa and only the Grand Canyon in the US is larger. The canyon runs for 160 km and reaches a width of 27 km and a depth of 550 m. But size alone doesn’t explain the Canyon’s appeal. You experience amazing views at many places along the rim. The journey of the lovers did not come for the views. Walking through the canyon is the ultimate endurance adventure for hiers. An organized 90 km road trip that will take you 4-5 days to cover.

The trail ends at Ai-Ais hot spring resort where you can relax. You are allowed to travel between the beginning of May and the end of September. The journey is very hard and needless to say, it must be physical. The authorities do not believe in the ability of many people to make the journey and will actually insist on seeing a medical fitness certificate before allowing you to start. Eja River Canyon is 580 km south of Windhoek.

Skeleton Coast has been the haunt of sailors and whalers and deserves that deadly name. The problem is dense fog. Woe to the shipwrecked man who hopes for rest on the shore! Ahead is the Namib desert, one of the driest and most inhospitable places. Tourists like to travel along the beach as they enjoy the beauty of the area. In the south at Cape Cross, you find a seal colony that houses thousands of seals. Skeleton Coast Park covers 16,400 sq km and starts 355 km northwest of Windhoek.

The Portuguese explorer, Diego Cao, arrived in this part of the world in 1486. ​​He was probably one of the people whose experience discouraged Europeans from fleeing to the coast until the Germans arrived 400 years later. Further south is the Namib-Naukluft National Park, a vast desert covering 50,000 sq km. The landscape is very varied and covers mountain peaks, large sand dunes, and deep gorges. For truly spectacular dunes, the Sossusvlei area is unsurpassed. Here you have dunes that rise to 300 m! Orange tint giants stretch up to the horizon and the area has an unreal atmosphere, an unforgettable atmosphere.

In the northeastern part of the country, the well-watered Kavango region and the Caprivi Strip region offer unspoiled wilderness that is good for serious game viewing and camping. The area also promises a feast for bird lovers. Game reserves in the area include: Kaudom, Caprivi, Mahango, Mudumu and Mamili. Poachers did great damage to animals during the years of civil war in neighboring Angola. However animal numbers are growing rapidly. Some of the wildlife in the area include leopards, elephants, buffaloes, cheetahs, lions and various species of animals. Caprivi Reserve falls in the area of ​​swamps and flood plains. Here you have the opportunity to enjoy fishing, hiking, game viewing safaris and river trips in traditional makoro boats.

In Namibia you can enjoy up to 300 days of sunshine. The region is temperate and temperatures run between 5C-25C. Inland, daytime temperatures range from 20C-34C, but can rise to 40C in the north and south of the country. Winter nights can be very cold and frost occurs on large parts of the country. Inland rain falls in summer (November to April) and is heaviest in the Caprivi region. The rain does not affect the trip much, but be careful of the floods in the area of ​​the rivers. The best time to travel is during the dry months of March to October, when it is easy to see animals in waterholes. It is best to avoid the Namib desert and Etosha between December and March when it can get unbearably hot.

You can get it by wearing light cottons and linens in summer. On winter nights and mornings, you need heavy cottons, warm covers and sweaters. Comfortable shoes are essential, as the ground gets very hot. Some useful items to pack include: camera, binoculars, sunglasses, sun hats, sunscreen and mosquito repellent. Be prepared for dusty conditions and pack your clothing, equipment and supplies in dust proof bags. Don’t be tempted to buy things made of ivory. You may not be allowed to carry them through customs at home. And it’s also good that you don’t encourage the trade in ivory products that enable smugglers.

Copyright © Africa Point

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