20 Words Associated With Animal Husbandry And Their Meaning Biogas Fueling the Olympic Torch

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Biogas Fueling the Olympic Torch

China is playing a leading role in the area of ​​biogas – the process by which we can turn our waste, animal waste and food waste into a high-end, usable product. The topic of using fecal material as a source of energy ranges from taboo in some societies to wide acceptance and exploitation in others. In China, it fits into the latter category. This is what China’s Development and Reform Commission has on the books for gas.

In China alone there are one and a half billion people with lots of livestock, poultry and litter all providing a daily methane feed. It’s hard for China to reject the idea of ​​turning waste into cargo for electricity generation. China plans to have an installed capacity of 5.5 million kilowatts by 2010, but jump to 30 million kilowatts by 2020, a 600 percent increase in the next 11 years.

Biogas is a combustible mixture of gases produced by organisms when animal manure and other biological wastes are allowed to ferment in the absence of air in closed containers. The main components of natural gas are methane (60%), carbon dioxide (35%) and small amounts of water vapor, hydrogen sulfide, carbon monoxide and nitrogen. Biogas is mainly used as fuel, like natural gas, while it is a mixture of liquids and materials ‘bio-slurry’ and ‘bio-sludge’ mainly as organic fertilizer for plants. Kannada companies are finding many other uses for biogas, bio-slurry and bio-sludge in China.

This development touches on an important aspect of Peak Oil: globally peak oil will reduce fertilizer production and therefore higher fertilizer prices, which means higher agricultural prices that must pass as food prices of it is the highest. You can open Pandora’s Box when you explain how oil dependent the agriculture, transportation and food processing industries are. Transportation costs to move food items from the field, to the factory to your plate. Fertilizers and pesticides rely on natural gas and petroleum-based chemicals for production, and farm machinery is run on liquid fossil fuels. The simplest equation is: Higher crude oil prices = Higher food prices.

China began to actively use biogas plants in 1958 in a campaign to utilize the various functions of biogas production, which solved the problem of manure disposal and improved sanitation. In the late 1970s and early 1980s the Chinese government realized the value of natural resources in rural areas and this was the first important step in the modernization of its agriculture. Six million digesters were installed in China, which became the world’s largest biogas plant and included the ‘China Dome’ digester which is still in use today, especially for small household use. China’s National Biogas Rural Construction Plan of 2003-2010 is to increase the number of households using biogas by 31 million to a total of 50 million, so the consumption rate will reach 20% of the total rural households.

By the end of 2006, the total number of households using biogas had reached 22 million, with a total annual production of about 8.5 billion cubic meters and they had built gas sewers for 22 million households in rural areas, and it has provided more than 5,200 large and medium-sized biogas projects based around livestock and poultry farms. Eight typical cubic meter biogas pits are able to provide 80 percent of the necessary cooking energy for a family of four, according to The Energy and Zoology Division in the Ministry of Agriculture. By 2020, about 300 million rural people will use natural gas as their primary fuel.

During the current, 10th, Five-Year Plan, China is developing 2,200 biogas grid technology projects for wastes from intensive animal husbandry and poultry, treating more than 60 million tons of manure a year, that’s in addition to 137,000 installed digesters to treat sewage. . According to the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Geography, the total annual production of manure and manure can theoretically generate about 130 billion cubic meters of methane, equivalent to 93 million tons of coal and 80 percent of Industrial wastewater can also be used to produce methane. The number of large grid scale power plants is planned to increase to 30,000 by 2030, a 15-fold increase.

As the concept of environmental cleanliness begins to gain traction in China, dealing with sludge from urban and industrial wastewater that has traditionally been dumped into landfills, oceans and waterways is taking center stage. with the catchy campaign “Recycling Waste into a resource”. The Chinese central government is showing great interest in medium and large-scale plants and agricultural production and agro-industrial biomass with waste treatment plants to reduce water pollution.

To facilitate the use of biogas, the government has set up biogas technical training courses in Shanxi Province and in 2005 has trained 6,000 farmers, 4,000 of whom received the National Biogas Technician Certificate. The Ministry of Agriculture which manages the Chengdu Biogas Scientific Research Center (BIOMA) also operates an international training and research center in Chengdu, Sichuan Province. Farmers from Yunnan province who graduated from the institute are experimenting with a “four-in-one” gas plant that combines a pigpen and a greenhouse to feed livestock, then use methane to heat a greenhouse for growing vegetables and raising carbon dioxide in the greenhouse to increase plant yield.

Biogas feed systems throughout China are beginning to use industrial waste from other sources; alcohol production and paper mills. Tianguan Alcohol Factory, which takes two million tons of products in the store for a year to produce alcohol, is renovating the existing equipment to make gas in 30,000 cubic meter digester, which supplies more than 20,000 houses or 20 percent of the population of Nanyang.

Hongzhi Alcohol Corporation located in Mianzhu, Sichuan Province which is the largest alcohol company in southwest China, uses its factory’s organic wastewater, sewage and dregs to produce gas. Mianzhu City treats 98 percent of the city’s wastewater including wastewater from hospitals through digesters with a total capacity of 10,000 cubic meters.

Chenming Paper Co., which produces 300 tons of sludge a day, is adding its own starter system using less pulp. The same goes for intensive livestock farming on many large or medium-sized livestock and poultry farms in the suburbs of cities. China’s energy sector has begun to morph into local energy generation for local residents from local industry using local feed-in, which is a model we should apply in a world of high energy prices: local production, local consumption.

As the world’s most remote production site, the life cycle of the long supply chain is changing year by year with the reduced availability of crude oil, known as “Peak Oil”, as the world will need to find crude oil substitutes to provide the basic chemical for manufacturing processes and production. Direct use of biogas for cooking or cogeneration of electricity and heat is also possible when biogas is used at or near the point of generation. Methane biogas can also be used to make methane, an organic material and an important chemical for the production of formaldehyde, chloromethane, organic glass, and composite fiber. Good quality fertilizer and natural light are added benefits.

Finally, we can use gas oil to prolong the storage of fruits and grains. The atmosphere of methane and carbon dioxide inhibits energy production, thus reducing the production of ethylene in fruits and seeds that causes a longer storage time and the same atmosphere kills harmful insects, mold, and bacteria that cause diseases .

I envision a future where food storage will be located in local areas as the just-in-time delivery system will encounter problems as oil becomes more expensive and global disposable income decreases. I envision a return to a bulk delivery system of dry goods which would be weekly or bi-weekly and would require local communities to store their own grain and bulk food using biogas to keep pests and rodents out of the food supply. Small shipments as we are used to today will need to be reorganized into a bulk delivery system, the idea of ​​a box from a company half way around the world on the store shelf should disappear with the high crude prices more than. Food from supermarkets and hyper-marts packed in small individual boxes, bags or wrapped in plastic will have their own problems for delivery and production to overcome. Which gives biogas an edge by offering solutions to two possible side effects in the future due to continued high crude prices, food storage and fertilizer.

What I haven’t heard mentioned is a backup fertilizer system. We are required by law in many countries to have backup batteries and generators for critical electrical systems in case of power failure. Is a backup fertilizer system in place for food production in case of fuel shortages or long supply interruptions? Gasoline production may provide some protection. It’s hardly an Olympic step, but it’s a step.

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