2000 Is The Year Of What Animal In Chinese Impact Of Nutrition On Nations Produtivity And Healthy Growth

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Impact Of Nutrition On Nations Produtivity And Healthy Growth

Nigeria has improved greatly socially and economically unlike the previous years. Malnutrition is still killing some of its citizens. It has been plagued by political instability, corruption, inadequate infrastructure and poor economic management. This has led to dependence on the capital-intensive oil sector, which provides 20% of GDP, 95% of foreign exchange earnings, and about 65% of budget revenue. But government and economic reforms have brought a lot of progress from the rate of increase in its GDP from $ 430 per person in 2003 to $ 1,000 in 2005. Reduction of the unemployment rate from 3.2% in 1997 to 2.9% in the year 2005. The adoption of micro-finance banking, and bank consolidation and consolidation by the CBN, resulted in the rating of Nigerian banks as one of the best in Africa. On top of all that is the historical debt repayment of $30 billion which is worth from the $37 billion that Nigeria owed to the Paris Club in March 2006. Despite all these recent developments, 70% of Nigerians are still in poverty. strange. food shortage and 60% in 2000 under the poverty line. I have shared the problem of Nigerian cuisine for advice on food shortages, poverty and poor food. The purpose of this article is to review the government’s efforts and also suggest ways out of the country from the left wing that threatens the future of the country.


Although the three food problems are a combination of the problem of malnutrition in the country, it would be good to review all the problems one by one. Malnutrition is the biggest problem of malnutrition that affects many people in the villages and some of those who go to the city in search of fresh pastures. Malnutrition is characterized by inadequate intake of macronutrients (namely: calories and protein). According to President Obasanjo, “almost half of children aged 7+-13 in Nigeria are not obese anymore. Many children and adults go to bed hungry, some eat only one meal a day and most of these meals are carbohydrates. This leads to malnutrition and protein deficiency. It is the main cause of kwashiorkor which is more unique to people living in tropical regions of Africa. For adults, the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for protein is 0.79g per Kg (0.36g per 1b) of body weight each day. For children and infants, this RDA is doubled and tripled, respectively, due to their rapid growth. This is the root cause of stunting and deformity in growing children. A fifth of Nigerian children die before the age of five, mainly from millions of Nigerians still living on less than a dollar a day, others living by begging for food on the streets.

Overeating is mainly a problem of the elderly and some young people especially urban dwellers. It is a rapidly increasing general nutritional problem, primarily reflecting a change in dietary patterns and more sedimentary lifestyles. The situation in Nigeria where the economy favors one group over the others, the poor are getting poorer while the rich are getting richer has led to the highest proportion of Nigerian people being overweight. This nutritional problem is dramatically elevated in diet-related chronic disease such as type II diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases and many diet-related diseases. These chronic diseases account for human suffering, social distress, loss of productivity, and economic burden to health and other economic sectors. The increase in the number of vulnerable people in the country affects the country’s labor force and the country’s productivity in the present and in the near future.

Last but not the least of the list are micronutrient deficiencies. It is a deficient intake of essential vitamins and minerals. It is experienced both by the poor and the rich, rural and urban residents. It is hunger that is hidden under the illusion that it is enough in Nigerian society. The lack of vitamins and minerals results in irreversible impairment to the child’s physical and mental development. That is why this type of malnutrition is based on pregnant women and children. As some conclusive results, it is noted that even a moderate iodine deficiency during fetal and infant development has been shown to reduce intellectual intelligence levels by 10-15 points. Folic acid deficiency is linked to serious birth defects. Iron deficiency will affect children’s development and learning ability, and reduce their ability to concentrate, fully participate in school and society interact and develop; it also contributes to material death and reduces labor productivity. It is recorded that 40% of children under the age of 5 are suffering from vitamin A deficiency.

The three major nutritional problems in Nigeria pose a major challenge to the country’s struggling economy and have led to a reduction in imports of valuable commodities such as protein, fuel and animal feed. Many parents have now abandoned the practice of breastfeeding and all this and many others contribute to the risk of food shortages in Nigeria and more so now that the economy is rapidly recovering.


Agriculture and trade dominate the Nigerian economy, which flourished during colonial rule in the 19th century. In the 1960s and 1970s the oil industry developed and greatly increased export earnings and received large investments in industry, agriculture, infrastructure and social science.

A sharp drop in oil prices, economic instability, and continued military rule characterized Nigeria in the 1980s. In 1983, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) began providing assistance to the Federal and State Ministry of Health to develop and implement programs in family planning and child survival. In 1992, an HIV/AIDS prevention and control program was added to existing health services. initially successful, but later abandoned. The plan to provide $150 million in aid from 1993 to 2003 was interrupted by tensions in US-Nigerian relations due to human rights abuses, a failed transition to democracy, and a lack of cooperation from the Nigerian government on trafficking issues. deadly poison In the mid-1990s, these problems led to the reduction of USAID activities that could benefit the military government. The existing health programs were also made to focus on working through Nigerian non-governmental organizations and community groups.

In 1987, the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), under senior researcher Dr. Kenton Dashiell, launched an ambitious effort in Nigeria to combat widespread food insecurity. They encourage the use of nutritious, economic soybeans in the daily diet. They also say that soybeans are about 40% more protein-rich than any of the common vegetable or animal food sources found in Africa. With the addition of corn, rice and other crops to soybeans, the resulting protein meets the criteria of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Soybeans also contain about 20% oil, which is 85% free of antioxidants and cholesterol. Although many attractive programs for reducing malnutrition started during this period, there were many other socio-economic obstacles that hindered the popularity and effectiveness of these programs until the democratic era. The economic instability during this period favored malnutrition to a large extent due to an unstable government. There was little or no effort to deal with the shortage. The era can be identified as an egoistic era- when the private interest of the government dominates at the expense of the suffering masses.


The most interesting part of this season is that it is characterized by promise and hope. The promise which is the leadership tool of this time and the hope that is always there to support the promise. President Obasanjo in 2002 meeting with the president of the International Union of Nutritional Sciences promised to support the better coordination of nutrition activities and programs in Nigeria, he further said, “the situation of excessive corruption is not acceptable for this government completely and assured the President of IUNS that he will do everything possible to ensure that there are resources to improve household food security, access to health services and better care capacity by mothers with support for promoting breastfeeding.

On the twenty-seventh day of September 2005, the President of Nigeria, Olusegun Obasanjo had lunch for the Nasarawa State schools at Laminga Primary School. The program is fully funded and managed by Nasarawa state, which makes it a unique model in Africa today. The event of time is in the fulfillment of one of the promises of fighting malnutrition especially among children who consider that many in the age of 7-13 years are underweight. It also promises to reach 27million children in the next ten years.

Other international organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO), the International Children’s Organization (UNICEF), the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) which started in 1992 but took more root during the democratic regime. All of them and many more are fighting acid to eradicate poverty and malnutrition.

There are several challenges inherent in some food processing systems. There is a need for the government to put some nutritional research into national policy. They should be able to reach the nook and cranny of the country. They should be able to coordinate all sectors of the anti-virus industry. A more effective intervention is much needed.

Food is now contributing to issues related to wood and as an impossible task of each country. Although it is difficult to bring the solution to each man’s door but the government should try as much as possible to reach the people through, mobile companies, and social media. There should be a lot of effective research in the country to be updated with information such as; Federal investment in nutrition per capita, current rates of nutritional deficiencies, and information on nutrition initiatives, as well as national policy guidelines and interagency coordination mechanisms. You need to promote the nutrition system too, a non-governmental organization. The government should try to improve the socio-economic life of the people. It should encourage and improve the country. There should be an assessment on the nutritional value of all products both imported and non-imported. The government should promote a global nutrition plan, which will improve nutrition awareness at national levels and beyond.

If the solution suggested above will be considered, Nigeria will progress to a great extent as the giant of Africa and the future giant of the world economy, thus eliminating the future storm of the economy that is facing Nigeria because some of its citizens are suffering from food problems. .

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