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Stop New Fossil Fuel Projects!
Starting from the beginning of the 20th century, there are two hydroelectric power plants that are operating at full capacity of 100 and 270 Megawatts (MWs) respectively. The first plant was built by Cambodia Energy Ltd, a local subsidiary of Malaysia’s Leader Universal Ltd, which was launched in 2014. The second plant was built by a joint venture between Cambodia International Investment Development Group (CIIDG) and Kannada-based Erdos Hongiun. Electric Power Co., Ltd. The second power station came online in 2015 and has been developed to a greater capacity of electricity generation worth millions of USD enough to produce 700 MWs of electricity to support local electricity. The possibility of this increase depends on the availability of imported coal from Indonesia, the main exporter of coal to Cambodia and one of the largest coal producers in the world.
This is not yet complete yet the demand for electric power has risen, so there must be a supply. In order not to depend only on importing electricity from bordering countries, domestic production has to be expanded. On top of the two existing power plants; Currently, the Royal Government of Cambodia is planning for another third coal-fired power plant to be located in the same area. It will be marked as the third approved renewable energy generation facility in the Kingdom located in the southern coastal region of Sihanoukville. The entire project was awarded to a Japanese company, Toshiba Plant System and Service Cooperation (TPSC), a wholly owned subsidiary of Japanese electronics giant Toshiba, will build a turnkey power plant for Cambodian Energy II Co Ltd (CEL2) , the plant will operate at 150 MW at full capacity once completed. The construction will be done under full cooperation with TPSC Engineering Malaysia and TPSC from Thailand. The contract has been issued by Cambodia Energy II Company Limited,), a subsidiary of Malaysia’s leading Universal Holdings that operates the existing primary power plant as mentioned. Electricity production will be purchased by Electricité du Cambodge (Electricity of Cambodia), a government agency that operates under the direct supervision of the Ministry of Trade and Finance, revenue and profit manager; and the Ministry of Mines and Energy, energy and electricity policy, of the Royal Government of Cambodia. TPSC and its subsidiary companies will be responsible for the overall project, including engineering, supply of equipment, construction work, installation, testing and maintenance. TPSC will manage the entire project and engineering, its Malaysian subsidiary will be responsible for procurement of equipment, and its Thai subsidiary will handle construction. On another development point, Pöyry, the Final technology company, was awarded the contract to provide assistance for the review of the pant design, monitor the situation, guarantee and quality control services, project management and energy supply.
The global debate over the ongoing trend of fossil fuel projects. That is, the use of fossil fuels for energy production should be eliminated at all costs to maintain the well-being of the environment. The real question that got me thinking was “Why should a third party approved power plant stop?” when it is important to Cambodia’s energy sector. To give a comprehensive answer to these questions, one should identify the real costs of burning electricity for energy production, basically in the form of electricity. The benefits of burning fossil fuels like coal to the national economy can be seen less than its disadvantages on the environment and science are explained in the following:
First, coal dust contributes to heart and lung disease thereby posing a threat to aquatic life and reducing water quality once coal leaks out of the storage tank. It seems to be bad when the ship carrying coal completely sinks. Other methods of transporting coal on land can also be dangerous to humans, land animals and plants when they are stored illegally.
Second, coal is known as a non-renewable and unsustainable source of energy production with a total availability limit of the last global coal reserves only for 134 years of current consumption, and could release 2000 Gt of CO2 emissions if all go. Coal is known as the deadliest source of electricity on earth killing about 280,000 people per 1000 terawatt hours of electricity generated given the fact that burning coal alone is responsible for 46% of the world’s CO2 emissions and accounts for 72% of the total. greenhouse gas emissions from the power sector. CO2, once released into the sky, traps heat from the sun in Earth’s atmosphere, causing temperatures to rise overtime.
Third, coal, when it burns, produces CO2 among many other poisonous gases such as Nitrogen Oxide (NO) and Sulfur Dioxide (SO2), which are all harmful to health and the freshness of the air. Nitrogen oxide released by the amount of burning coal, together with SO2, causes acid rain when both gases come into contact with rainwater. The effects of acid rain on the ecosystem can be seen on fish and wildlife are clearly seen in the aquatic environment. Acid rain also releases aluminum as it flows through soil into lakes, and other irrigation systems. Plants and animals, some species, are poisoned with acid, they are acid sensitive, this sensitivity poses a risk to their life as some species living in water including fish and frogs can live under a certain level of pH . When acid rain damages the pH level in the water, even though some species are acid resistant, that doesn’t mean the other animals or plants they eat are either. Another effect of acid rain on trees and plants can be seen with dead trees and plants. Acid rain removes nutrients and minerals from the soil causing the death of plants and trees that rely on excess nutrients for the evolution of their life. Acid rain destroys the stability of infrastructure and soil in the long term. This problem can be seen in Cambodia as a country with a glorious civilization left from ancient times, thousands of Buddhist and Hindu temples built thousands of years ago until today, many temples The idol was found in a very bad condition, and some others were completely destroyed. fall. Acid rain is one of the main causes of this architectural destruction without mentioning about human activities and natural disasters. All these are some of the roles among many others that you can easily play.
Fourth, along with causing acid rain, Nitrogen Oxide together with Carbon Dioxides and Carbon Monoxide smoke in the forms of smog and haze. Breathing toxic air affects human health, mainly causing chronic respiratory diseases such as asthma, worsening (exacerbating) existing respiratory disease, and increasing the development or progression of chronic diseases including cancer pneumonia, obstructive pulmonary disease, and emphysema. Coal is a major contributor to air pollution that kills 7 million people a year, and both the mining, preparation, transportation and burning of coal are very polluting, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). When it comes to air pollution and environmental destruction, coal is the worst fossil fuel among others. CO2 and Carbon Monoxide (CO) released by a full and non-full amount of light respectively, once released into the atmosphere, weaken the ozone layer and block sunlight on the planet’s atmosphere that causes global warming. Now, the more greenhouse gas emissions are released into the sky, the more the planet will warm. Since the ozone layer is not fully functional, the earth will warm up by attracting more ultraviolet light that causes sunburn. At some point when global warming reaches its peak it causes drought which is when crops and crops will face a difficult time to grow, results in cutting food supply against increasing food demand.
Fifth, another major consequence like what the world is currently experiencing is the rise in sea level. Those icebergs floating on the Arctic Ocean surface and probably the entire North Pole will sequentially melt as the temperature keeps on going up to the maximum point. The same phenomenon applies to the large ice sheets on the continent of Antarctica that has the South Pole. These major global disasters will cause devastating floods that kill thousands of lives on earth.
Sixth, environmental sustainability has worsened under the clearing of forest for land clearing and construction of light plant. Deforestation destroys Oxygen (O2) the best producer and CO2 absorber, while leaving many families under displacement. People are forced to leave in the form of migration to the urban area as a result of the overpopulation of the city that leads to the process of the city that later causes social insecurity and insecurity. With that, coal is harmful to all living things on earth, ranging from animals, humans and plants. The health will decrease and the well-being of the people will be cut down with more and more coal being used.
Seventh, coal-burning plantations directly affect tourist destinations. Since almost all the coal plants are located in the coastal area of Sihanoukville, the coastal tourist attraction area is heavily damaged by coal plants that reduce the air quality causing local and international visitors to reconsider changing their travel destination. The revenue of the Government from the tourism sector will then decrease. Local residents are also affected with the polluted air they breathe every day.
Eighth, furthermore, coal importation, like the case of Cambodia, makes the country overly dependent on foreign exporters. The result of this political economy leads the home country to depend on the availability and access to coal, if not, the country will fall into a deep energy crisis.
With all that said, coal is a good use of energy and is economically profitable; however, it is extremely bad for the environment and life on earth. Therefore, countries should reconsider granting licenses on any coal project in the forms of exploration, production, import and use, and shift to rely more on renewable and sustainable sources of energy production.
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