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Rabies Transmitted From Animals to Humans
Rabies is a viral infection that is transmitted to humans from animals. Without treatment, it is death. Prevention and treatment are available and should be discussed with a doctor before departure.
What is rabies?
This is a serious viral disease that primarily affects animals, but can also affect humans. Rabies comes from the Latin meaning ‘to be angry’ as infected animals can appear confused and angry. Most animal cases include cats, dogs, cattle, skunks, raccoons, bats and rodents. Only mammals can get this disease. Each year, 50,000 people around the world die of the disease.
How is it spread?
This disease is transmitted to humans from food or skin from infected animals. This virus is found in animal saliva. This virus is very attracted to the nervous system and can travel to the spinal cord and brain.
What are the symptoms?
About a month or two after eating from an infected animal, people complain of fever, headache, fatigue and decreased appetite. There may also be pain or numbness at the bite site. One to two weeks later, nerve damage may appear with mental changes, seizures, seizures and paralysis. Patients may develop severe pain with swallowing fluids. They complain of deep thirst, yet they avoid water. This is called hydrophobia, or fear of water, which is another name for rabies. Without treatment, the disease is fatal.
How do we do wild research?
If a person is bitten, it helps a lot if the animal can be isolated. Then, we can observe the animal and test for infection which, if negative, will eliminate the diagnosis of this disease. If the animal cannot be isolated, then the doctor may have to think that the disease may have spread, depending on the special circumstances.
Rabies should be suspected when an individual exhibits the symptoms noted in the section above, especially when neurological issues are present. Many doctors, however, may not notice this disease because they have never seen a case in their practices. Special medical facilities can perform tests on the patient’s saliva, blood and spinal fluid to confirm the diagnosis.
Is there a cure?
Thank you, yes. In rabies, vaccination is part of the treatment. Most vaccines, such as hepatitis and yellow fever vaccines, are given to prevent disease. This vaccine is given after exposure even if there is a previous vaccination. In addition to vaccination, antibodies against this disease called rabies ma globulin (RIG), are recommended to help fight the infection. Although vaccination and RIG are important, immediate and thorough cleaning of the wound site with soap and water is essential. Immediate medical attention is strongly advised.
Can we prevent tuberculosis?
The risk can be reduced. Make sure your pets are vaccinated against this disease. In addition, avoid contact with unknown and stray animals. If you have been bitten by a stray kitten in your neighborhood, pick up the cat and call your doctor.
Do international travelers need to be protected?
Rabies is a major health issue in Asia, Africa, Central America and South America. Alien animals, both domestic and wild, can often be encountered abroad, especially in the developing world. Additionally, good care in many of these areas can be difficult to obtain. Travelers should discuss their travel itinerary in detail with their travel physician prior to departure to assess the risk of exposure to this disease and other preventable infectious diseases. There are circumstances when your travel doctor may recommend vaccination before you go. Travelers to areas with rabies should have a plan in place in case exposure occurs.
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