A Disease That Is Transmitted Between Animals And Humans Animals, Humans, and Lyme Disease

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Animals, Humans, and Lyme Disease

You might think that the transmission of Lyme disease is very simple – you get it from biting a deer tick. That information is essentially true, and if you want to avoid Lyme disease, that’s all you really need to know. What happened in the wild, however, is interesting, and it helps explain why Lyme disease is spreading and becoming more common.

Lyme transmission begins with the white-footed mouse, a common wild animal that carries Borrelia burgdorferi, the organism responsible for Lyme disease. In the most common scenario, newly hatched larvae of Ixodes sp. ticks feed on mice and become infected with the organism. The ticks then develop through the nymphal stage to the tick to the adult, giving off other hosts as they grow.

In the nymph and adult stages, ticks are found clinging to tall grasses in open forests and forest edges, the same type of habitat favored by the Deer-tailed. When the deer wanders off, the ticks climb up and take another blood meal. If it’s a person walking by, or a dog, raccoon, or even a bird, the sign doesn’t make a noise – deer signs will readily feed on all these hosts and other warm animals.

Borrelia burgdorferi is passed to the new host as tick feeds. Many animals are unaffected by the virus and their immune systems simply kill it. White-tailed deer and some bird species are among the lucky animals that do not get Lyme disease. Of course, people may be sick for a long time and become debilitated.

Deer is responsible for supporting large numbers of signs; A single deer can have hundreds of ticks feeding on it at any given time. Anyone who has driven the roads of North Eastern North America in the evening and morning in the summer months knows that the White-tailed deer are loud like never before. Deer graze through the roads and wander into towns and gardens. A lot of deer means a lot of ticks, and a deer in a human environment means transmitting Lyme to humans.

Deer don’t spread Lyme disease over large geographical distances yet – birds do that. When a deer tick bites a bird, two things can happen: if the bird is already infected, and has eaten an infected tick elsewhere, the new tick becomes infected and can turn the creature into hosts. other. If the tick is already infected and the bird isn’t, the organism will pass the other way, and because ticks take days to finish their meal, both the tick and the bird can be many miles away. their starting point before the sign goes down. Both can now go on to carry Lyme. Migratory birds are thought to have spread B. burgdorferi to many new areas.

One last thing to think about is global warming. Warmer climates have opened up new territory for deer seals, and they have survived and reproduced in areas where they were previously unable to withstand colder temperatures. Thus, the markings placed on migrating birds are increased to survive the journey.

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