A Hole Or Tunnel Dug By A Small Animal Rock or White Throated Monitor Varanus Albigularis

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Rock or White Throated Monitor Varanus Albigularis

Rock or White-throated Monitor Varanus albigularis

SVL 400-500mm; maximum. SVL 850mm, TL 1 750mm.

This giant lizard is very large, powerful, with full hands and shiny claws. The skin is hard and covered with small, scale-like scales in 110-167 rows in the middle. The head has a bulbous nose, with slit-like nostrils closer to the eyes than to the tip of the nose. The tail is longer than the body and rounded at the base but compressed towards the tip. The back is light brown above, with 5-6 yellow spots. The top of the head and neck are dark brown. The legs are spotted with pale yellow, and the tail is black and white. The belly is dirty yellow with scattered spots. Children are more marked, and despite the common name which refers to the white throat of adults, have black throats.

Biology and Reproduction

This monitor lives in a tunnel under rocks, or in an unused zoo, a hole in a tree or a rock break. It is usually solitary and hibernates, semi-dormant in its retreat in winter. His skin often looks like dirt and grime, and we are tired of dull colors. It is also well decorated with soft colored markings around the eyes, nostrils and leg joints. The diet consists mainly of invertebrates (millipedes, beetles, grasshoppers and land snails) although it will kill and eat any animal that is small enough to carry and repeat the scum on the animal; Baby turtles are usually eaten. In defense he took a side position and beat his tail. He will bite and hold like a bull; if it occurs behind the head, it usually expels the contents of the cloacal, and finally it can cause death, the chicken is paralyzed (but still opens its eyes). If this trick works and you’ve been released, it’s safe in the first place.

Military eagles (188-227 cm (6.17-7.45 ft) wingspan) are the main predators of adults.

It rarely tames in captivity and because of its size requires a large enclosure. The meat is reported to taste like chicken, but this is protected by local legislation (CITES, Appendix 11). They are large nomads and can have home ranges up to 28sq km.

Mating takes place in August-September. The female can sometimes lay her eggs in a living nest, like the Nile’s guardian, or even in an empty tree, but she usually uses a hole dug in the soft ground. You can find several ‘test’ holes before choosing a suitable site. In early summer (October-November) from eight to 51 eggs (53-61 x 35-39 mm, 32-46g) are laid, depending on the size of the female. Eggs hatch in 110-120 days in captivity (27C), but take much longer in the wild. Hatchlings measure 220-282mm TL and weigh 18-21g. Most clutches are eaten by the banded mongoose.

Residence & Range

Savannah and humid karroid regions. Throughout the Savannah and semi-desert regions of the subcontinent, but home from the W. Cape. Elsewhere, to the Savannah of East Africa.

Features

The only representative race occurs on the subcontinent. It has an average size of 137-167 rows and a white throat in adults. The poor race, Va angolensis, from Angola and near NW Zambia, has large scales on the head and along the back, and retains the black throat in adults. It has only 110-138 rows. A small species V. exanthematicus from the West African Savannah’s has a more uniform color pattern, does not have a white throat, and has wide scales on the back on the neck and only 75-100 midbody scale line; it is now treated as a separate species.

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