A Large Community Of Plants And Animals That Occupies The Yanomami People of South America

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The Yanomami People of South America

“Our land is to be respected. Our land is our heritage, the property that protects us. Mining will only destroy nature. It will only destroy streams and rivers and kill fish and kill the environment – and it will kill us . And take us. from diseases that never existed in our land.”

This is the plea we heard voiced today by Indians living in the Amazon region of South America in response to illegal gold mining taking place there. They are protesting the very real threat that the government could legally sanction mining expeditions that are encroaching on their lands, contaminating their water with mercury, threatening indigenous ways of life, and endangering especially, spreading among forest dwellers.

From ranchers to gold miners to logging companies, illegal encroachment on the land is happening at alarming rates. These natives are troubled by grief and disease. David Yanomami (one of the Amazon’s most respected “Page” or Medicine man) predicted that if the white man does not stop his deceitful destruction of our Mother Earth, that the white man is doomed to be destroyed, right along those of the rain forest and the. Yanomami.

The Yanomami people of the Amazon Basin are one of the largest, most isolated tribes in Brazil and Venezuela and are the oldest examples of forest nomads. Although most of them live in areas of frequent external communication, some of these indigenous people are still “ignorant” (the Moxateteus) by civilization, living a little deeper in the forest and mountains than even some related tribes is a comfortable journey. But nothing stops progress, so the threat of disease and destruction from outside is very worrying. People express their concern for their “uncontacted” relatives as gold miners and prospectors “boldly go where no man has gone before”, often deep into the forests. Viruses that are thought to be irritating, like the common cold, are deadly to a race whose conditions have never seen anyone with a cold.

Combined, the Yanomami regions of Southern Venezuela (Alto Orinoco – Casiquiare Biosphere Reserve) and Northern Brazil make up the largest forest area in the world. Although this race has a total population of almost 32,000 (this varies between publications) these hunter-gatherers immediately became loyal to family groups. Each group is by and large built with a multifamily house in the shape of a cone called wonder or xapono, or by villages with square-shaped houses depending on the area where they were built. Each house or divided community considers itself self-governing. They favor to marry in the circle of relatives with someone who is the son or daughter of the mother or father’s mother.

Yanomami society is polygamous with one man having many wives. Reproductive success is linked to the number of wives a man has… War is almost a way of life with the Yanomami, and although there is less than one woman for every man among their population, nearly a third of the men die among them. race is directly related to the fight over women. Marriages are often pre-arranged and a woman’s husband is usually chosen based on how good the man is in the war.

Regardless of their preferences however, these groups maintain systems of relationships with many nearby groups that, to some extent, overlap and form links to the entire social system of Yanomami houses and villages from the end one of the local community to the other.

Like many indigenous tribes in other parts of the world, the Yanomami look to their forest to meet all their survival needs. Hunting, fishing and farming provide all the resources they need, and every few years when their resources run out in one area, they simply move their village to another, much more remote location. It is possible that the Yanomami were not cultural specialists and only recently began cultivating horticultural crops.

The home villages of the Yanomami tribes are a series of various sizes of circles with the same interval. People from different groups gather in a distant place (third circle) for intimate funeral ceremonies and/or burial rituals. they are with them forever. Hunting in some of the great outdoors is the kind of trip that can last for several weeks. As you approach each company, there are activities in common, although not a party. Circles closer to the center were used for day-to-day gatherings, fishing, farming, hunting, etc.

These humble women weave baskets that are beautiful and affordable. Both flat and heavy baskets are decorated in geometric patterns using red sorry Berry and charcoal are eaten (both things are also used to paint and decorate themselves). Interestingly, women also do most of the fishing. The women catch the fish with their hands and clean the neck with their teeth.

The Yanomami carry their own wooden arrows and arrow tips, start their fires with sticks, and garden with great skill. Their rifles are equipped with arrows made from shiny fibers, and though they may look fragile, even the largest game is no match for one of their poison-dipped arrows. pull out from the brain the poison arrow. They beat the side of the frog and make it release the poison, then they boil it to harden it. Blowguns are surprisingly accurate. In the same way, they make bows out of wood and hand-stretched rope from the rainforest. The arrows can be described in the same way as the ones you see in today’s world, right down to the wood. That is where the similarity ends however as their arrow heads can be carved from wood or from meat or fish bone. Men start learning their survival skills at a very young age. Sometimes they are sent out to work as archers with a bow attached to a string when they are just boys.

The Yanomami people practice morality as their religion. For them, the forest is not about providing food, it is a place where spiritual life lives. All plants are occupied with animal spirits (xapirip) that they can influence and nurture themselves. The great animal spirits give them spiritual powers which enable them to heal their friends and damage their enemies. However, these same animal spirits are believed to have been humans for a long time and are being punished for the bad things they did when they were in human form. Shaman and regular tribes prepare to see and absorb these spirits through the use of a hallucinogen roll over or stage, combined with strong strains of wild tobacco. They believe that yopo, inhaled through the nose as another person blows it through a tube, carries spiritual energy.

The Yanomami spirit, they believe, has three levels of existence that it can ultimately inhabit, although their world has four levels side by side. Once occupied by beings who now live in lower levels, the upper layer is currently considered empty and has no effect on them of the world. The second element however (hedu ka mis), is the spirits of dead men and women. Here, people are forever young and beautiful, food tastes good and smells good, game is plentiful, and hunting is easy. Earth is the third level and the fourth is hei ta bebi (underworld). From this level, Amahi-teri in residence can inflict evil on people above.

In Yanomamo culture, only men can become shamans. When someone gets sick, the Yanomami believe that the condition is caused by an enemy shaman. To create a cure, a friendly shaman sees exactly what is wrong and, with the help of his own demons, pulls out the offending demon. To prepare for his ordeal, the shaman beautifies himself and his surroundings, collects various herbs, and induces a hallucinogen to help him contact the hekura.

Many ecologists consider the Amazon Rainforest to be the “lungs of the earth”. They wholeheartedly agreed with the Yanomami leader, David Kopenawa who said, “The forest will die only if the whites are destroyed. Then, the streams will disappear, the land will fall, the trees will dry and the rocks of the mountains will disappear. The xapirip spirits that live in the mountains and play in the forest will run away, their father, the legislators, will not be able to call them to protect us, the forest land will be dry and empty. The destroyers will not will be able to stop the plagues and the plagues that make us sick. and so everyone will die.”

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