Accompanies Common Diseases Of Small Animals Diagnosis And Treatment History and Diagnosis of Asthma

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History and Diagnosis of Asthma

There is no universally accepted definition of asthma. The Concise Oxford Dictionary defines it as “respiratory disease characterized by difficulty breathing, coughing etc.” Any good medical book explains it in technical terms but ‘wheezing’ is a feature that every asthmatic knows, even if it varies from mild to life threatening. Asthma is an issue now. There was a dramatic increase in the condition in the late twentieth century to the extent that approximately 100 to 150 million people in the world are now affected, but it is not a recent phenomenon.

The word “asthma” is the Greek translation of breath or breathing, and the problem was treated as early as 2000 BC by Chinese doctors with the herb Ma Huang. The first known drawing of the symbols was about 3,500 years ago in an ancient Egyptian scroll called the Ebers Papyrus. Over the years, asthma has received varying degrees of attention; their accompanying symptoms and concerns have been described by many famous historical figures, including the famous Greek physician, Hippocrates.

Over the centuries, there have been different theories about the causes of asthma, and various remedies have been recommended, including horseback riding, strong coffee, tobacco, faith cures, chloroform and drinking owl blood. wine, as the Romans do. Van Helmont who lived in the early 1700’s said that asthma was a seizure in the lungs due to sudden and unexpected attacks. Based on his experience with asthma, the English physician Thomas Willis said that “the blood swells”, and that “there is no need for anything sharper or worse than it does”.

It wasn’t until the 1800s that Lavoisier gave a very precise account of how the lungs work, thus providing the basis for the modern understanding of the respiratory system. Before this, many people believed that air entered the lungs to cool the body. Lavoisier’s contribution was that air is drawn in for energy and metabolism, and that carbon dioxide and heat are produced as the end of this process. Lavoisier’s work recognized that air is essential to the survival of life.

Asthma now affects more people around the world, especially in the developed world, than at any time in history. It causes more economic and social damage in Western Europe than TB or HIV, according to a World Health Organization (WHO) report of April 2002 on the link between childhood illness and environmental degradation.

According to the 1998 International Study of Asthma and Allergy in Childhood (ISAAC), the countries with the highest 12-month asthma prevalence were the UK, Australia, New Zealand and the Republic of Ireland, followed by North, Central and South America. The same report found that the lowest prices were in place in several Eastern European countries, followed by Indonesia, Greece, China, Taiwan, Uzbekistan, India and Ethiopia. Some studies show that the risk of asthma among rural Africans who migrate to cities and live a rural ‘western’ lifestyle is increasing dramatically. According to the UCB Institute of Allergy in Belgium, the incidence of asthma in Western Europe has doubled in the last ten years.

In the western world, asthma crosses all social, racial, geographic and gender boundaries. Although it causes persistent symptoms among seventy percent of people diagnosed with the disease, asthma causes discomfort for many people. In fact, some of the most famous people of our time in all walks of life have had asthma, including Tzar Peter the Great of Russia, actresses Liza Minnelli, Jason Alexander and Elizabeth Taylor, revolutionary Che Guevara, and former president of the US John F Kennedy, Calvin. Coolidge and Theodore Roosevelt. All of them have lived full lives or are still living with them.

What are the symptoms?

The condition involves swelling, constriction and inflammation of the airways in the respiratory system, which causes airflow obstruction in the lungs. Symptoms of asthma include shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing and a tight chest. Patients may also experience nasal congestion and hay fever, or rhinitis. Symptoms and severity are unique to each individual, and vary from season to season and depending on the individual’s exposure to various stressors.

The term ‘asthma attack’ is a term used to describe breathing problems. In some cases, this can be followed by a specific problem, such as dust, pollen, or other foods. Sometimes it seems that there is no cause for something. Some people have a cough and shortness of breath, others may have shortness of breath and a slight cough, but each condition is accompanied by some type of breathing problem. Symptoms can occur from time to time, daily or seasonally, or they can be more or less frequent.

A ‘trigger’ is something that makes asthma worse. Common triggers include (in alphabetical order): allergies; smoking (and cigarette smoke for non-smokers); colds and flu; cold air; dust mites; exercise occasionally; mold; dangerous smoke; pollen; stress, and types of weather such as fog and humidity. Sometimes asthma attacks can be triggered by a combination of triggers. Anxiety can be caused by the difference in an asthma attack, especially when a child is involved. Sometimes, there may be confusion between the doctor and the patient when the diagnosis is being made.

There are also different types of asthma symptoms. Below is a list of people who suffer from this disease.

• Get out

This is a high-pitched whistling sound made when air is forced through narrow passages. If you blow on a Biro pen when the ink refill is removed, the sound is the same.

• Shortness of breath

This is the feeling of not being able to breathe enough. It is necessary to exhale while, at the same time, forcing breathing. If this symptom reaches a critical level, it is frightening for the patient and very painful for those around him.

• Coughing

This can be a recurrent dry cough or a cough with phlegm, which occurs at night or early in the morning. Repeated coughing can put pressure on the heart and cause sputum to enter the lungs. Patients with this symptom may feel like they are on a conveyor belt: the more they cough, the more they feel the need to cough.

• Tightness in the chest

Air trapped in the lungs creates a feeling of chest tightness. This is often described as a person squeezing or sitting on the chest.

• Frequent yawning

When asthma symptoms get worse, sleep is disrupted and breathing becomes difficult, leading to fatigue.

Non-asthmatics may notice these symptoms, but may not appreciate the stress, fear, uncertainty and helplessness that accompany them, especially when asthmatics are struggling to breathe. If you don’t have asthma, imagine trying to breathe while a pillow is pressed tightly against your face. This feeling you are imagining is what a person with asthma experiences during an attack. For you, the imaginary pillow can be easily removed so that you can breathe easily; for asthma, its treatment is not easy.

Given the diversity of symptoms and severity, diagnosing a disease that does not have an accepted definition is not an exact science. Many asthma symptoms are symptoms of other conditions, such as bronchitis or bronchiectasis, for example. Diagnosis should take into account the chronic nature of asthma and airway obstruction due to inflammation and various cells and drugs. In many cases, asthma is caused by the following factors.

• Patient history

This includes determining whether the patient experienced asthma symptoms while breathing, during exercise or after exposure to a known trigger.

• Lung function tests

High pressure measurements measure the maximum speed at which the patient can exhale in one second. A person with asthma often produces lower readings, and, in general, more inconsistent results than a person who does not suffer from the disease. Spirometry measures the speed and volume of air exhaled with each breath, thus providing additional information on airway obstruction.

• Effects of anti-inflammatory or steroidal drugs

In some cases, asthma is caused by the effects of medication, and if it leads to a temporary change in symptoms. Other symptoms of asthma, such as emphysema, include chronic airway obstruction.

• Provocative tests

The patient inhales bronchodilators, such as histamine or methacholine. The wind of people with asthma is very affected by inhaling these things; Aids such as these may lead to a significant increase in the number of people with asthma.

• Skin testing to determine what is allergic to it

Several well-known problems are selected, such as dust mites, pollen or dander. One at a time, implants are placed on the arm, and the skin is gently punctured to allow the material to enter. After fifteen minutes, the skin around the area may have a small rash. Although this test is not always conclusive, the presence of a rash and the size of the weal indicate an allergy to something else.

• Chest X-ray

X-rays are used to rule out other respiratory diseases in a person with severe asthma symptoms. X-ray charts show irreversible damage to the airways, and this helps to diagnose other respiratory diseases.

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